Melancholy Personality/ Temperament

People with a Melancholy personality are introverted, logical, analytical, factual, private, conscientious, timid, and quality-oriented. They will often have a serious, even concerned expression. They usually respond to others in a slow, cautious, and indirect manner.

They are self-sacrificing, creative, and can be a perfectionist. They like to plan. The Melancholy temperament has high standards to avoid mistakes. They are by nature not socially oriented and need a reason to be with others. The Melancholy likes privacy and prefers only a few close friends.

It is important to remember that people with a Melancholy personality are not trying to be right; they are driven to figure out what is right.

Melancholy Temperament vs Depression

The Melancholy temperament has been associated with depression for centuries. It was believed that if you were depressed it was because you were Melancholy.

However, just because Melancholy may be associated with depression does not mean that this temperament always gets depressed.

It is true that people with a Melancholy personality do tend to overanalyze, think negatively, and focus on the problem rather than trying to figure out a solution to their problem. However, any temperament can experience feeling down or depressed when dwelling on unfavorable situations.

Melancholy Temperament Strengths & Weaknesses

Every person is born with natural tendencies, possessing both natural strengths and natural weaknesses.

Once you identify the natural tendencies of an individual with a Melancholy personality, you will better understand their natural strengths and weaknesses. You will then be able to relate and communicate with them more effectively.

Even though a particular weakness is natural to a temperament, it does not mean that individuals will always demonstrate that weakness in their behavior. It is possible to learn how to control and overcome the natural weaknesses associated with a temperament. It is a choice.

As with any temperament, the Melancholy temperament has both strengths and weaknesses.

Melancholy Personality: Weaknesses

The Melancholy personality can experience moodiness, be depression prone, and struggle with negative self-talk. They may think too much about the wrong things and have unrealistic expectations. Other potential weaknesses that the Melancholy temperament may exhibit include a critical attitude and being overly sensitive.

Melancholy Personality: Strengths

The strengths of the Melancholy personality include being analytical, diplomatic, and organized. They like to plan ahead, solve technical problems, and do things right. They also give attention to detail, and they are logical, creative thinkers.

Best Jobs for Melancholy Personality

A person will be the most content and productive in a career that matches their natural temperament needs and tendencies.

The Melancholy will be the most productive in a career that allows them to do detailed work. The best jobs for the Melancholy personality are often found in positions such as: bookkeeper, accountant, engineer, pharmacist, technician, computer programmer, musician, writer, artist, medical doctor, psychologist, and technical sales.

To better understand the Melancholy person, it’s very helpful to understand their temperament combinations.

Melancholy Temperament Combinations

Everyone has traits of all four temperaments (Choleric, Sanguine, Phlegmatic, and Melancholy), which allows an individual to demonstrate the traits of any of the four temperaments when the need arises. For example, a Melancholy may be asked to evaluate an employee’s performance, in which case the Melancholy will need to be very direct like the Choleric temperament.

Although everyone is a combination of all four temperaments, not all four are present with equal influence on behavior.

The primary temperament will have a stronger influence on behavior than the other three. The secondary temperament will always modify the tendencies of the primary temperament in some significant way.

The temperament combination of the primary and secondary temperaments will represent a person’s normal, usual, and daily behavior.

The three Melancholy temperament combinations are the Melancholy-Choleric, Melancholy-Sanguine, and Melancholy-Phlegmatic.


The Melancholy-Choleric combination, also known as the Instructor, is driven by two temperament needs, a primary need to do things right and a secondary need to get results. They enjoy doing detailed work and telling others what they know. They make good instructors and teachers.


The Melancholy-Sanguine combination, also known as the Diplomat, is driven by two temperament needs, a primary need to do things right and a secondary need to be accepted socially. They easily work with a variety of other temperaments. They are natural peacemakers and bring harmony to their environment, both at home and at work.


The Melancholy-Phlegmatic combination, also known as the Analyst, is driven by two temperament needs, a primary need to do things right and a secondary need to be accommodating. They enjoy working alone and doing detailed work. They need a reason to change their routine.

Melancholy Personality Traits Test

Have you ever wondered, “What are my main personality traits? Am I too introverted? Why am I so motivated to do things right? Do I have a Melancholy personality or something different?”

In our Temperament Assessment, (which is not a test but a tool to help you identify and understand your temperament), we help you find the answers to these questions as you discover your natural tendencies and strengths, uniqueness, and how you are wired.

When you take the assessment, you will receive a customized report of your specific temperament and personality, how it is expressed, your preferred environments, and practical guidance to help you succeed at work and in life.

Many people are dissatisfied because they are not getting the results they desire in life. Or they feel frustrated because they don’t fully understand themselves or how to relate to others around them.

If you are facing these challenges, you are very normal. The Temperament Assessment can help you find your personality strengths and help you reach your full potential, both personally and professionally.

Take the assessment, get your personal report, and start the journey of understanding yourself better and getting the results you desire. Find your temperament today!