the 4 Primary Temperaments
John T. Cocoris,
following is an overview description of the four primary temperaments.
Choleric is an extroverted, hot-tempered, quick thinking, active, practical,
strong-willed and easily annoyed person. Cholerics are self-confident,
self-sufficient and very independent minded. They are decisive and
opinionated and find it easy to make decisions for themselves as well as
others. Cholerics tend to leave little room for negotiating. The Choleric is a visionary
and seems to never run out of ideas, plans and goals, which are usually very
practical. The Choleric does not require as much sleep as the other temperaments so
their activity seems endless. Their activity almost always has a purpose
because they are by nature result-oriented. They usually do not give in to
the pressure of what others think unless they see that they cannot get the
desired results. Cholerics can be crusaders against social injustice as they love
to fight for a cause. Cholerics are both direct and firm when responding to
others. They are slow to build relationships because results tend to be more
important than people. They do not easily empathize with the feelings of
others or show compassion. Cholerics think big and seek positions of authority.
Sanguine is an extroverted, fun-loving, activity-prone, impulsive,
entertaining, persuasive, easily amused and optimistic person. Sanguines are
receptive and open to others and build relationships quickly. They are
animated, excited and accepting of others. They will smile and talk easily
and often. It is not unusual to feel as if you have known the Sanguine
person for years
after only a few minutes. Sanguines are so people-oriented that they easily
forget about time and are often late arriving at their destination.
bored easily because of their orientation to social involvement, activity
and general dislike for solitude. The Sanguine never lacks for friends.
Their attention span is based on whether or not they are interested in the
person or event. The Sanguine can change their focus or interest in an instant. Sanguines are competitive and
tend to be disorganized. Unless very disciplined, the Sanguine will have difficulty
controlling their emotions. They usually like sports of any kind because of
the activity and involvement with other people. Their voice will show excitement
and friendliness. Sanguines usually dress according to current fashion. The
Sanguine fears rejection or not making a favorable impression. They also
viewing them as unsuccessful. Sanguines are very effective working with
The Phlegmatic is an
introverted, calm, unemotional, easygoing, never-get-upset, person.
both slow and indirect when responding to others. They are also slow to warm-up
but will be accommodating in the process. Phlegmatics are by far the easiest person
with which to get along. They live a quiet, routine, life, free of the
normal anxieties and stresses of the other temperaments. The Phlegmatic will avoid getting too involved
with people and life in general. Phlegmatics seldom exert themselves with others or
push their way along in their career, they just let it happen. The
communicates a warm, sincere interest in others preferring to have just a few
close friends. They will be very loyal to their friends and find it
difficult to break long standing relationships regardless of what the other
person does. The Phlegmatic tends to resist change of any kind without
reason, other than they just do not want the change to occur. Phlegmatics show
little emotion and are prone to be a grudge holder. Phlegmatics tend to
avoid conflict and making decisions of any kind. They are practical,
concrete and traditional thinkers. Their stoic expression often hides their
true feelings. The Phlegmatic may be patient to the point of paralysis.
Phlegmatics are persistent
and consistent at whatever they undertake.
The Melancholy is an
introverted, logical, analytical, factual, private, lets-do-it-right person.
Melancholies respond to others in a slow, cautious and indirect manner.
reserved and suspicious until sure of your intentions. The Melancholy probe for the
"hidden meaning" behind your words. They are timid and may appear unsure and
have a serious expression. They are self-sacrificing, gifted and they tend
to be a perfectionist. Melancholies are very sensitive to what others think
work. The Melancholy is well organized; on occasion you may find a
Melancholy that keeps things cluttered, however, they know what’s in the
piles. The Melancholy is determined to make the right and best decision.
Melancholies will ask specific questions and sometimes they will ask the same
question again and again. The Melancholy needs reassurance, feedback and reasons why
they should do something. They need information, time to think and a plan.
The Melancholy fears taking a risk, making a wrong decision and being viewed
as incompetent. Melancholies tend to have a negative attitude toward something new
until they have had time to think it over. Melancholies are skeptical about most
everything but they are creative and capable people. Melancholies tend to get bored
with something once they get it figured out.
About John Cocoris