Edema may be caused by increased capillary fluid … There is small space between the two opposing surfaces known as the joint space or intra-articular space. In most cases this is due to the collection of synovial fluid but sometimes there may be pus or blood within the joint space. In fact men may have little or no fluid while women may find slight changes in the fluid levels during the menstrual cycle. In some cases, pain may be felt only as a dull discomfort or a sensation of fullness. This fluid serves as a shock absorber and also as lubricant for the smooth movement of the bones within the joint space. Sometimes there is a little fluid within some of these cavities that is considered to be normal and is mainly for lubrication or proection. In medicine, the term is often used with regard to loss of fluid into interstitial spaces, such as with burns or edema , but it can also refer to fluid shifts into a body cavity (transcellular space), such as ascites and pleural effusions . The quantity of fluid almost never exceeds 20mL. The space between the visceral and parietal pericardium is known as the pericardial space or cavity. Effusion around the brain refers to abnormal increase in the intracranial pressure due to increase in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid (abbreviated as CSF). The cornea may flatten after an episode of hydrops, making fitting easier. There are a number of types of edema. It is commonly known as fluid around the heart. There are a number of types of edema. Most mucus within the middle ear can drain out through this tube into the back of the throat and air is able to enter and equalize the pressure with that of the outer ear. Normally this fluid would drain out through the eustachian tube but there is almost always some dysfunction of the tube. The intensity of pain may differ based on the amount of accumulated fluid and the extent of the swelling. The causes of effusion depend on the site of effusion. Although an effusion is mainly exudative or transudative, it may be further classified by its composition which is also largely dependent on the cause of effusion. The main causes of effusion of the brain are hydrocephalus and subdural effusion. Omphalos in Greek. Some of the therapeutic measures may include a sodium restricted diet, medication like diuretics to increase fluid excretion and therapeutic paracentesis to drain the fluid from the abdomen. Another form of otitis media known as chronic suppurative otitis media may give rise to a purulent discharge (pus) but typically leads to a perforation of the ear drum thereby allowing the pus to drain out through the ear canal. Most of the abdominal organs are contained within a membranous sac known as the peritoneum. Edema can be mild and benign as in pregnancy or prolonged standing in the elderly, or a serious sign of heart, liver, or kidney failure, or of other diseases. 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