The maternal and new-born mortality in Nigeria is one of the highest in the world with an estimated 576 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births (NDHS, 2013). 4 0 obj Mortality from CVD, Cancer, Diabetes Or CRD Between Exact Ages 30 and 70 Key demographic indicators for Nigeria: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. By Adebayo Folorunsho-Francis The Minister of Health, Dr. Osagie Ehanire says Nigeria has the worst maternal mortality rate in the world. Current primary education, while 22.1 percent had infant mortality rate is 75 deaths per 1000 live secondary education. The overall mortality rate was 9.02 per 100,000 maternities which is a decline from 2010-2012, although this only reaches statistical significance for direct maternal deaths. ... per cent reduction in the global under-five mortality rate between 1990 and 2007. Almost all maternal deaths (99%) occur in developing countries. As of 2015, the maternal mortality rate in Nigeria was 814 deaths per 100,000 live births. The study used four rounds of Nigeria Demographic Health Surveys (DHS, 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2018) for women aged … maternal and under-five mortality rates. Maternal mortality in 2000-2017 Internationally comparable MMR estimates by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division NIGERIA Year Maternal mortality ratio (MMR)a,* Maternal deaths* HIV-related indirect maternal deaths* Currently, Nigeria is the highest contributor to maternal mortality in Central and Western Africa and contributes 14% to the global maternal mortality rate. stream Harrison KA. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2008. He disclosed this in Abuja during a meeting with the Association of General and Private Medical Practitioners of Nigeria and Guild of Medical Directors. ày~'¿'¶ìiÑÓ–ä\‘+°%[°#;0,¬�¬dÓÍÂÍÒÍÂÍnÈ›Ä�ó:Ìë8—Ã\�ıú;öwèïŞÈo`ftÈè˜Ñ!£cF‡Œ�ë˜nYí™×#¯gF�Œ�ózÌë™Ñ#£§ƒ‡ƒĞSà)¬Ô Nigeria still ranks second globally in the number of maternal deaths. It is an analysis and synthesis of the professional literature surrounding maternal mortality in Nigeria and a review of articles in CINAHL, Health Source, Medline in EBSCO, including PubMed, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, 2000–2015, analyzed and sorted into themes. African journal of reproductive health. The problem of poor organization and access to maternal health services has always been a major challenge in Nigeria. In terms of the maternal mortality ratio, Nigeria is ranked eighth in Sub- Saharan Africa behind, Angola, Chad, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Somalia. Adegoke AA, Campbell M, Ogundeji MO, Lawoyin TO, Thomson AM. From the foregoing, it is obvious that Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world, second only to India whose population is eight times larger than that of Nigeria. x��\[s�8�~OU�_�Jڲh$x�r���e&S�Lv�:�0�Z�-�Ȳ���ɿ����DYs����4 ��4s|�l��r� NN��6�r��n�_��<ᄐ}s|��",�����7*��?d:�tdI*|��& Maternal Morbidity 5describes pregnancy- and childbirth-related illness and injury. Factors influencing maternal mortality among rural communities in southwestern Nigeria Dominic Ezinwa Azuh,1 Akunna Ebere Azuh,2 Emeka Joshua Iweala,3 Davies Adeloye,1 Moses Akanbi,1 Raphael C Mordi4 1Department of Demography and Social Statistics, 2Department of Estate Management, 3Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, … 2009; 13(3):1-20. p Maternal PM is calculated when deaths are defined as "maternal". uv��T��O�~�wG����=�$ꐠ�?ﰝ�TTa�*�=����EH}�����l���l>�+��x���I��Y�O�Xzr�,K��y�_�^q�?������k��R4�x��~Z")dլ��+Z�GZ�v�ٔ�z�HL�F�L&i��^F�C�B0�l2.Y�!A�?�bsy:3'Q��"����ŧ��TqF��U��aASt�8����\IC��K��BB��i���������Sk�綋�Tt��������^D�G����0I[��s. From the foregoing, it is obvious that Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world, second only to India whose population is eight times larger than that of Nigeria. <> %���� Maternal Mortality in Nigeria Annually, an estimated 52,900 Nigerian women die from pregnancy related complications out of a total of 529,000 global maternal deaths. CAUSES OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN NIGERIA By Maimuna Bintu Husaini Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Management Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. Maternal Mortality in Nigeria Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU'S. The etiology of maternal mortality can be categorized as medical, socio‐economic, cultural, behavioral, and political causes. the problem of infant-maternal mortality rate is in Nigeria and second, between 2016 and 2017 health spending witnessed 1.70% increment, while it plummeted by 7.80% between 2017 and 2018. 4 Table 1 below gives an overview of different sources of data on maternal deaths in Nigeria. The problem of poor organization and access to maternal health services has always been a major challenge in Nigeria. The study investigates the effect of malaria on maternal mortality rate in Nigeria for the period spanning 1990 to 2017. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR): Number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time-period.6 Maternal Mortality Rate: Number of maternal … It is an analysis and synthesis of the professional literature surrounding maternal mortality in Nigeria … The meeting was organised to discuss the implementation of the […] Community study of maternal mortality in South West Nigeria… Only 22.9 percent had and child mortality rate in Nigeria. Trends in Maternal Mortality… The six main causes of maternal deaths were bleeding, sepsis, obstructed labour, ectopic pregnancy, eclampsia and unsafe abortion. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. And in 2015, mortality ratio for Nigeria was 814 deaths per 100,000 live births. PDF | On Apr 6, 2016, Chimaraoke Izugbara and others published Maternal Health in Nigeria: A situation update | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate <>>> T�=�aIa0Uf���$�a1���MB3X�n�u%sP����R����clm�l?W�N~,�rk���G�����IIPA��1Q�i��4*+�( ����3X�}sh?�_w����?�=�����'XPF��]ק������?΁V��„E˂���[E��zǶ����� �?a[?�������.�T����=؊R��g'MbZ���rS5�t?��� �H�z��,�����Z6����7'Xo����B����湮^�3s��o��:H�c��8>~_�UJ�.��1��z�P�=��,� o Pregnancy-related deaths defined according to ICD-10. This is similar to what has been reported from other parts of sub-Saharan Africa, although the order of frequency may vary. From 2000 to 2017, the global maternal mortality ratio declined by 38 per cent – from 342 deaths to 211 deaths per 100,000 live births, according to UN inter-agency estimates. �����o~���_~|�撆�σ㑩�=l6��͞�Q�k��s����|�&�r3�'��L�i:Y��dI�*�-�m3�&�`:+&5z��'j×��,m��AP���,�QDz&���I�̩7�%�JO~���4�y���������+Xz�G�-��'7,ޭW�Q���j�#e���*�����`�+^c?�O+z⺫�)bcB��S��/�}��uE��9 2 0 obj remains unacceptably high with maternal mortality ratios of 814 per 100,000 live-births in Nigeria, 319 per 100,000 live-births in Ghana, 121 per 100,000 live-births in Morocco etc. … According to UNICEF, a woman’s chance of dying from pregnancy and childbirth in Nigeria is 1 in 13. Maternal mortality declined by 38 per cent between 2000 and 2017 Maternal mortality refers to deaths due to complications from pregnancy or childbirth. The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor. Maternal mortality ratio of Nigeria fell gradually from 1,220 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1998 to 917 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Furthermore, other leading causes of maternal mortality are hepatitis, anaesthetic death, meningitis, HIV/AIDS, sickle cell anaemia, anaemia and acute renal failure, which is … 1 0 obj 4.7 percent of the total birth while maternal mortality … Only one‐third of births in Nigeria occur in a health facility. More than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third occur in South Asia. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and World Bank. <> Nigeria ranks second in the world ,after India in the scale of maternal mortality with the rate of 800 deaths per 100000 live births *(Akowe, 2009). 17. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries in 2015 is 239 per 100 000 live births versus 12 per 100… H‰tUËnG¼ÏWôqæ0½M6ûÁ«%Åq I¬ ‡$6ëµµ€$Û’ ÿ~ŠìYé’@Àˆ5äğQ¬îİ]|HáğR¬�ğ$e. Infant and under – 5 mortality rate is estimated at 108.8 per 1000 live births for 2015 as per the interagency model on under – 5 rate (U5R). The State of the World’s Children ... Maternal and newborn health in Nigeria: Developing Know the causes of an increase in MMR. This review was conducted to evaluate the influences on maternal mortality in Nigeria. Know Sustainable Development Goals and Millennium Development Goals and its effects on Maternal Mortality rate. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Nigeria was 917 deaths per 100,000 live births. Sub-saharan Africa has been reported to have the highest maternal death proportions of about 56% of global maternal deaths [1,3,7,8]. This study examines the geographical and socioeconomic inequalities in maternal healthcare utilization in Nigeria over the period between 2003 and 2017. This study determined causes and contributory factors of maternal mortality in Ogun statefollowing a periodic State-widematernal and perinatal deaths surveillance and response (MPDSR) review. The struggle to reduce high maternal mortality in Nigeria. Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, male (per 100,000 male population) Prevalence of stunting, height for age, male (% of children under 5) It utilizes time series variables obtained from secondary source. ThiV ORVW heaOWh\ Oife e[SeWaQc\ UeSUe- Currently, Nigeria has the second highest burden of maternal mortality in the world and contributes about 15 percent of the annual total global deaths which represent two percent of the global population. Niger has the highest lifetime risk of maternal mortality of any country in the world, 1 in 7. A joint report by UNICEF, […] More than half of maternal deaths occur in fragile and humanitarian settings. Nigeria: WHO statistical profile 1990 1995 2000 2005 20102015 Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) 0 100 200 0 500 1000 Country WHO region IQ 2012, heaOWh\ e[SecWaQc\ iQ bRWh Ve[eV ZaV 7 \eaU(V) ORZeU WhaQ RYeUaOO Oife e[SecWaQc\ aW biUWh. This rate of maternal mortality in Nigeria is highest in northwest geopolitical zone which comprised Sokoto state. Maternal PMp Pregnancy-related PMq Reported MMR per 100,000 lb Adjusted MMR per 100,000 lb F+r,u F-s,u U+t,u 1997-1998 Maternal Mortality 1997-1998 2.8 23 25 n Maternal deaths defined according to the ICD-10. Nigeria 3 Nigeria Maternal and Newborn Health Disparities In 2015, 7,100,000 babies were born in Nigeria, or around 19,500 every day.1 Among young women (aged 20-24), 29 percent gave birth by age 18.2 Approximately 660 babies will die each day before reaching their first month3; 838 stillbirths occur every day.6 Neonatal mortality rate: endobj Maternal mortality … While some of the occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs. mothers and young children, early childhood mortality and maternal mortality, maternal and child health, knowledge and behaviour regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections … kµÂZA­°V–Zy|K0×G°>Âõ¬�p}–o-Ì(È(Ì(È(Ì(È(Ì(È(�½‚ŒÊŒŠŒJO…§ÒSá©ôTx*=�JO…§ÒSá©ôTx*=�+Œ¯ŠÒ.ú±s±µÓ 4Ÿç¦½Å˜�ÌrL—³‚SÒáó$OãdR®ì¯ ��ó˜ endstream endobj 99 0 obj <>stream Maternal Morbidity 5describes pregnancy- and childbirth-related illness and injury. In Sokoto, a ten year study of maternal mortality from January 1990 to December 1999 by Audu, et’al (2002) reveals that there were 197 maternal deaths and 9,158 live births. endobj Fifteen years earlier, the figure was slightly lower at 800 deaths per 100,000. [ 2 ] Deaths related directly to pregnancy continue to decrease from 3.49 per 100,000 maternities (2009 … Introduction In the year 2000, the country with the highest estimated number of maternal death is India (136,000) followed by Nigeria (37,000) (World Health Organization, 2004). Maternal mortality has remained a challenge in many low-income countries, especially in Africa and in Nigeria in particular. Maternal Health in Nigeria: a statistical overview 1.1 Baseline Data at Macro Level: International Maternal Mortality “In the low and middle income countries, direct causes account for 75-80% of maternal mortality and include in approximate order of importance, haemorrhage, sepsis, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy MMR-Maternal Mortality Rate is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births due to pregnancy and childbirth. remains unacceptably high with maternal mortality ratios of 814 per 100,000 live-births in Nigeria, 319 per 100,000 live-births in Ghana, 121 per 100,000 live-births in Morocco etc. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR): Number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time-period.6 Maternal Mortality Rate: Number of maternal deaths in a … %PDF-1.5 In some cases, more than one factor may contribute to maternal death in some cases. endobj This translates into an average annual rate … 3 0 obj Mojekwu JN, Ibekwe U. 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